Berlin, 4 October 2023 – Last Friday, Berlin-based company zero44 launched a new software. It is a direct response to the shipping sector’s participation in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), which starts on 1 January 2024. Ship owners, ship managers and charterers will then have to buy emission allowances (EUAs) for every tonne of CO2 emitted. A large proportion of companies are not yet sufficiently prepared for this – for them zero44 now offers an EU-ETS solution that covers all processes and obligations of emissions trading.
For companies in the shipping industry, the EU ETS poses the following three major challenges:
- The periods of shipping and the periods of EU ETS regulation are not aligned with each other:
EU ETS accounting is annual: the data verification required for this is supposed to take place on 31 March in the year following the assessment period, and the submission of EUAs in the following September. This is a problem for the sector because charter contracts are structured differently in terms of timing. In order to prevent major financial risks, EU ETS settlements are needed that are carried out during the year close to the time of each completed voyage.
2. The multitude of business models and stakeholders involved:
Owners, charterers, ISM managers, commercial managers and cargo owners are affected by the EU ETS and have to agree amongst themselves who is responsible for which measures within the EU ETS value chain and how often the settlement of allowance trading should take place. These agreements also influence each other: for example, an agreement between the owner and the charterer has an impact on the agreements between the owner and the ISM manager. Time charters, voyage charters, pools and parcelling each bring their own challenges.
3. The Union Registry (which is used to account for all EUAs) is not designed with the specificities and requirements of shipping in mind:
No links can be established in the Union Registry between the EUAs and the ships, voyages, charterers and ship managers. Instead, these links must be managed within the shipping company itself so that a correct accounting of costs can be carried out.
zero44’s software solves all three challenges: It enables intra-year accounting of the required emission allowances; efficient coordination between all involved stakeholders; and adaptation of the Union Registry through the transferral of data from the Union Registry and assignment to the relevant accounting periods, vessels and stakeholders. zero44’s software is aimed at all segments of the shipping industry and all stakeholders involved in EU emissions trading (owners, charterers and ship managers).
The functionalities of the solution include a daily updated measurement of emissions based on vessel consumption data; a planning tool for calculating EU ETS costs of future voyages or periods as well as determining the financial EU ETS risks in the whole year; mapping of charter and ship management contracts regarding EU ETS; and partnerships with data verification providers such as DNV, Swiss Climate, Verifavia or Korean Register, as well as EUA traders such as GreyEpoch, CF Partners, Aither, Belektron, Vertis, Greenstar Capital, World Kinect Energy Services and marketplaces such as enmacc. Companies that work with zero44 for their EU ETS management are free to decide which EUA traders and data verification providers they want to work with.
zero44 has developed its software with three well-known companies from the shipping industry: MPC Container Ships, Harren Group and Zeaborn Ship Management. Six other companies have already integrated the software into their systems and are testing it in their fleets. Their valuable feedback is used for the continuous optimisation and further development of the software.
Friederike Hesse, co-founder and Managing Director at zero44, explains: “Since January this year, we have been working intensively on our EU ETS solution and, together with our development partners, have examined the complexity of regulation from all perspectives. We are proud that we have succeeded in developing a flexible, simple and at the same time complete solution. And we are very much looking forward to implementing it now with numerous customers.”
The solution is available to the market as of now and can be used in all its basic functionalities. These will be continuously expanded and adapted to the circumstances resulting from the constant development of the EU ETS regulatory framework.
Founded in Berlin in 2022, zero44 helps shipping companies, ship managers and charterers to plan and optimise their CO2 emissions. With the help of the digital solution, shipping companies receive a comprehensive and daily updated overview of their CO2 emissions. In addition, users can record the commercial impact of certain decisions in their commercial ship deployment planning and optimise their processes accordingly.
For EU emissions trading, zero44 offers a “one-stop-shop” solution that covers the entire process and all responsibilities arising from the regulatory framework for companies from the shipping industry. This makes zero44 a comprehensive digital solution that enables shipping players to quickly and effectively set themselves up for sustainability. Further information is available at www.zero44.eu.